Of the prostate cancer treatments available, your doctor will recommend the treatment option that is best for you. The decision will depend upon your overall health and how far modern your cancer is. In case the treatment recommended for you is not something you are comfortable with, as an example you may not be comfortable with external beam radiation therapy; you may give your doctor your opinion. It is necessary which you are at ease with the decision. Discuss it with your family as well, particularly the possible side effects and also cure rate.
Oncologists specialize in specific fields. The one you are referred to will be a specialist in the treatment prescribed for you.
Watching and also Waiting
The first strategy in most treatment plans is watching and waiting. The signs and also symptoms that may indicate prostate cancer are also indications of other problems just like an infection in or close to your prostate. Watching and waiting is to determine which condition your symptoms are from.
During this period, blood samples will probably be tested for PSA levels and tissue samples could possibly be directed for a biopsy.Elevated levels of the prostate specific antigen may point to the less serious medical problem. It is why a tissue sample might be taken; to verify or to rule out the presence of cancer. Remember that early treatment normally has a far better possibility of cure.
Men who will be the best candidates for prostate cancer surgery are definitely the ones most likely to achieve a successful recovery from the procedure. These are men with fine overall health and who do not have secondary conditions which can interfere with recovery like heart problems. Surgery may lead to several serious side effects including incontinence and also impotence.
There are actually 3 different types of radiation therapies. External beam therapy is typically a stream of X-rays aimed towards your pelvis from a device outside the body. The X-rays burn away cancer cells through repeated treatments over several weeks.
An alternative external beam therapy is Proton Beam Therapy. Instead of applying X-rays, protons, which are charged particles or ions, are streamed at your pelvis, again from a device outside your body.
Brachytherapy is the introduction of several radioactive seeds directly into your prostate. They are implanted with a series of injections when you are under a general anesthetic.
All of the radiation treatments above work on the principle of burning cancer cells away with high energy particles. Radiation treatment may take place over time, and also is subject to exactly the same side effects as surgery.
Hormone therapy is a method of chemical treatment that seeks to alter your hormone levels to halt or slow the growth of cancer cells. This procedure is temporary due to the fact most patients develop a resistance to the effectiveness of the injections after about 2 years.
Hormone therapy is not a cure and also is generally recommended when the patient has a higher stage (T-3 or T-4) of prostate cancer. The thought is to prolong the patient’s life and also slow the cancer’s growth.
Cryotherapy is a procedure where, during surgery, your prostate is frozen and also then thawed to destroy cancer cells.
High Intensity Focused Ultrasound uses focused ultrasound to heat and also evaporate diseased tissue out of your prostate. The device is aimed utilizing an MRI scan and also targeted tissue is heated to 80??C. The result is tissue that may no longer reproduce and also so can’t grow any further. Healthy tissue is spared simply because the effective area of the ultrasound pulse is really small and also only a few cubic mm at the moment may be targeted. It’s done on an out-patient basis and does not affect the quality of life that several of the other treatments do. HIFU also leads to fewer significant side effects than surgery or radiation. HIFU for prostate cancer is tremendously effective and also can frequent be used for recurrent cancer. It is not an option, having said that, once the cancer has spread beyond the prostate.